In England Champagne was being bottled from as early as the 1660’s presumably in strong, black glass, coal fired English bottles. To date there is not much evidence that such French bottles existed prior to 1700.
  By C. 1710 strong coal fired bottles ‘a la façon d’Angleterre ‘ were being blown in France mainly in North and North East France.
 From 1700 to C. 1760 it seems that any shape of bottle that was able to withstand the pressure of fermentation inside it, was used.
 Towards  the end of the XVIIIth century a specific type of bottle began to emerge mainly due to the exigencies of the of the big Champagne houses such as Ruinart (1729), Moët  (1743), Veuve Clicquot (1772) and Roederer (1776).
 
2.82. C. 1720.
Height 22.9cm.  Width. 12.3cm.  Weight. 830gms.  Capacity. 1005cc !!
 Bottles like this appear on Jean-François de Troy’s ‘ Le déjeuner d’huitres ‘ dated 1735 and Alexis Grimou’s self portrait C. 1720.
 
2.183. C. 1740.
Height. 27cm.  Width. 11.1cm.  Weight. 920gms.  Capacity. 950cc.
A very similar bottle to this in the Moët et Chandon collection bears a label for ‘mousseux’ and dated 1743. This type of bottle is usually associated with Normandy and the Cider and Calvados of that region but what a perfect bottle for bottling Champagne in 1743, very strong and elegant. Soon the shoulders would get in the way .... but more of this later...
 
9.76. C. 1740.
Height. 21.3cm.  Width. 9.4cm.  Weight. 600gms.  Capacity. 465cc.
This is a half bottle. A very similar corked, and labeled half bottle in the Moet et Chandon collection bears a date 1759 and also has a little bit of its gold spangled wax adhering to the cork that is tied down to the string rim with a wire..  
 
2.117. C.1760.
Height. 28cm.  Width. 9.7cm.  Wheight. 925gms.  Capacity. 780cc.
A strong bottle with a heavy chunky Glass Blowpipe Pontil. Again a similar bottle in Moet et Chandon collection with a 1759 label.
 
2.148. C. 1770.
Height.21.7cm.  Width. 8.7cm.  Weight. 490gms.  Capacity. 475cc.
A nice little half bottle in thick black metal and a chunky glass blowpipe pontil. I can’t help feeling that this is an early Champagne.
 
 
EARLY CHAMPAGNE
 THE EVOLUTION OF THE CHAMPAGNE BOTTLE FROM  C 1700 - 1860
 
THE EARLY YEARS  1700 - 1780
 
182. 1.
2.182. 2.
2.182. 3.
2.183.1.
2.183.2.
2.183.3.
9.76 1+.
9.76.2.
9.76.3.
2.117.1.
2.117.2.
2.117.3.
2.148.1.
2.148.2.
2.148.3.